High and even lube oil quality with centrifugal separation

When you maintain quality oil levels there is a much greater reliability of keeping operations on schedule. Equipment has a longer lifetime and there is less downtime for unscheduled maintenance and repairs. Maintaining good oil requires less new oil replacement and its inferred costs. The question is how to keep high and even lube oil quality?


High and even lube oil quality with centrifugal separation

High and even lube oil quality is based on a consistent cleaning performance

The key to maintaining good oil quality is by using a cleaning system which performs consistently and as thoroughly as possible to meet excellent functioning standards. Filter systems work well when only solids need to be removed. One drawback to their functioning is that only particles bigger than the selected mesh of the filter get removed. Contaminants smaller than that continue to remain- including water.

If lube oil is exposed to water contamination, it will corrode bearings and other machinery over time. It is often difficult to detect water in oil - it can dissolve in the oil, emulsify or be free, changing its viscosity, thereby reducing the oil’s lubricative properties. By the time water can be noted in the oil, it’s already reached a damaging level. With the addition of a coalescer module to the filter system, it can collect the water from the oil, making the combo a capable system of removing both types of contaminants.

Contaminants are hard to see

Particles that contaminate lube oil can vary in size, type and shape from process to process. They are measured in μm, where 1 μm is 1/1000 mm. As a comparison, coal dust 8 μm, a fog mist or water droplet is 10 μm, but a grain of sand can be as large as 1000-2000 μm.

The best system to maintain oil quality with consistent efficiency

In addition to the filter coalescer combo, there is another oil cleaning system to maintain high and even lube oil quality: centrifugal separation, which can separate both water and solid contaminants simultaneously in a single stage. From the featured chart, you can see a side by side comparison. 

Comparison chart for lube oil cleaning technologies

 

 Disc stack centrifugeFilterCoalescer
Particles & water separation? yes no no
Particle removal yes yes no
Free water removed yes no yes
Emulsified water removed limited no limited
Dissolved water removed no no no
Capital cost high low low
Operating costs low high high
Total cost of ownership low high high


While the capital cost of the filter and coalescer are low, operating costs are high. The opposite is true of the centrifuge. On average, the capital costs are recouped within a two-year period of the centrifuge. The added benefit to a centrifugal separator is that it can handle incidents of increased water, whereas the filter and coalescer are limited in fluctuating capacities. Given this added flexibility, the centrifugal separator offers the highest and most even lube oil quality.

Review the centrifuge’s ability to clean even very small contaminant particles:

  • 100% removed: 10 µm and above (the size of an average water droplet)
  • 90% removed: 5 µm to 10 µm 
  • 70% removed: 3 µm to 5 µm 

(Valid for non-oil soluble particles and solids with a density ≥ 2000 kg/m³)

Moisture level effect on machine life

 

Current level
of moisture,
ppm
Machine life extension by factor
2345678910
50000 12500 6500 4500 3125 2500 2000 1500 1000 782
25000 6250 3250 2250 1563 1250 1000 750 500 391
10000 2500 1300 900 625 500 400 300 200  
5000 1250 650 450 313 250 200      
2500 625 325 225            
1000 250                

This chart is an estimate of prolonged machinery lifetime as an effect of clean oil. Image and information copy right and courtesy of Noria Corporation.

Whitepaper: The importance of lube oil cleaning

Eager to understand more about lube oil cleaning? Our whitepaper gives you a comprehensive overview of the technologies available and acts as a guide to choosing the best one for your application.